Servant Leadership: Theory & Practice


Moral intelligence has a better chance of fixing morality-related issues instead of bandaging them and addressing the servant leadership best test stated by Greenleaf (1977/2002). Prudence—mature moral intelligence—is one’s skillful act in making the best, most caring alternative among all possible choices based on moral wisdom (Bradshaw, 2010). Morally intelligent people are conscious of aligning their values, goals, and actions with the universal principles of integrity, responsibility, compassion, and forgiveness (Lennick and Kiel, 2011). Such an alignment leads to purposeful living and organizational success. Borba (2001) advocated for building moral habits of empathy, conscience, self-control, respect, kindness, tolerance, and fairness. Practicing these habits is relevant and beneficial to servant leadership development at the personal, relational, and communal levels. Therefore, moral intelligence equips servant leaders to make better and more caring decisions, clarify their life purpose, and build moral habits. Moral intelligence is an enduring capstone to past and present servant leaders and the making of future servant leaders.