Date of Award
Master of Art in History
History and Geography
This research looks at how covert operations in Iran and Guatemala shaped the decision to launch the Bay of Pigs invasion, and why the United States government embarked on an operation that had little chance of success. Key areas of discussion are the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its role in the removal of Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadeq (Iran) and President Jacobo Arbenz (Guatemala), the Dulles faction, the anti-Castro program, and President Kennedy’s relationship with the CIA. Upon examining these areas, the study shows that the covert action success in Iran and Guatemala fueled American hubris and obviated the recognition of warning signs, which led to the approval of an operation doomed to fail.
Orozco, Yandy, "The Central Intelligence Agency and Cuba: How the Trap of Success Led to the Bay of Pigs" (2017). Theses and Dissertations. 294.