Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
The Levels of Conceptual Interoperability Model (LCIM) was developed to cope with the different layers of interoperation of modeling & simulation applications. It introduced technical, syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, dynamic, and conceptual layers of interoperation and showed how they are related to the ideas of integratability, interoperability, and composability. The model was successfully applied in various domains of systems, cybernetics, and informatics.
Turnitsa, Charles D., "Applying the levels of conceptual interoperability model in support of integratability, interoperability, and composability for system-of-systems engineering" (2007). Faculty Bibliography. 35.