Feasibility of Performing Concurrent Coulometric Titrations Using a Multicompartment Electrolysis Cell

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© 2019 American Chemical Society. Feasibility of performing multiple coulometric titrations in a single course of electrolysis is presented. In these titrations, three pairs of cathode and anode compartments were connected with a network of electrodes and salt bridges. Passage of current through the cell caused concurrent electrolysis in cathode and anode compartments. Electrogenerated reagents produced in these compartments were used as titrants for quantifying the analyte samples. Endpoints of the titrations were determined from the visual color change of an indicator. The charge passing through the cell was monitored and Faraday's laws of electrolysis were applied to assess the quantitative relation between the charge and analyte concentration. Experimentally determined coulombs required to titrate aqueous potassium hydrogen phthalate, MnO 4- , OH - , and S 2 O 32- were 0.100, 0.466, 0.103, and 0.0934 C, respectively. These results matched with estimated values of 0.0965, 0.482, 0.0965, and 0.0965 C, respectively. Agreement between the coulombs determined from experimental results and reaction stoichiometry suggests a feasible application of concurrent coulometric titrations. Efficacy of the method was tested for determining the active ingredients in household vinegar and vitamin C dietary supplement tablets. Quantities of acetic acid and ascorbic acid in these products were 5.1% and 980 mg, respectively, agreeing with the quantities determined from volumetric titrations (5.1% and 990 mg) and manufacturer's label (5.0% and 1000 mg).

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