Date of Award

Spring 4-16-2021




Doctor of Education

Degree Type

Doctor of Education in Curriculum and Leadership


Teacher Education

First Advisor

Dr. Mark McCarthy PhD

Second Advisor

Dr. Thomas McCormack, EdD

Third Advisor

Dr. Charlotte Henderson, PhD


As a result of the fundamental changes to education due to COVID-19, this study focuses on the readiness of pre-service teachers to meet the literacy needs necessary in this technology mediated world by utilizing a theoretical framework that consists of a learning framework: Transformative Learning, a literacy framework: Multi literacies, and a technological framework: Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) to include the 2019 addition of another knowledge base: ConteXtual Knowledge (XK). It is this context component of TPACK that is so frequently overlooked that may encompass the cultural aspects of teaching and learning including the primary and secondary Discourses, the Frames of Reference, and the impact of culture on experiences was vital to the current study.

This study focuses on the cultural component of each of these frameworks to provide contextual knowledge about pre-service teacher experiences with teaching literacy remotely.