Date of Award





Health Science

Degree Type



Kinesiology and Health Sciences

First Advisor

Kate Early

Second Advisor

Brian Tyo

Third Advisor

Alicia Bryan


The purpose of the study was to examine and compare muscular fitness and subjective muscle pain between blood flow restriction (BFR) training using the (B)Strong Training System and traditional resistance training program after a 7-week intervention. Thirty-one healthy male and female young adults volunteered to participate. Participants were randomly selected into three groups: HIRES (high intensity resistance training), LIBFR (low intensity blood flow restriction training) or CON (control). All participants refrained from structured activity outside of this study for the duration of the entire study. Anthropometrics, body composition, muscular strength and endurance were measured prior to and post training. Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) was assessed 24- hours post each exercise session in the HIRES and LIBFR groups using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ). At pre-testing, there were no significant differences among groups in muscular fitness (p>0.05). Post-training, HIRES and LIBFR increased their IRM in all exercises (bicep curl, triceps extension, calf raise, hamstring curl, leg extension) along with increased their score in the 1-minute push-up test to a similar degree (p