GLAUDIA: A predicative system for glaucoma diagnosis in mass scanning
Health Informatics Journal
ensemble technique, glaucoma disease, machine learning, mass screening
Glaucoma is a serious eye disease characterized by dysfunction and loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) which can eventually lead to loss of vision. Robust mass screening may help to extend the symptom-free life for the affected patients. The retinal optic nerve fiber layer can be assessed using optical coherence tomography, scanning laser polarimetry (SLP), and Heidelberg Retina Tomography (HRT) scanning methods which, unfortunately, are expensive methods and hence, a novel automated glaucoma diagnosis system is needed. This paper proposes a new model for mass screening that aims to decrease the false negative rate (FNR). The model is based on applying nine different machine learning techniques in a majority voting model. The top five techniques that provide the highest accuracy will be used to build a consensus ensemble to make the final decision. The results from applying both models on a dataset with 499 records show a decrease in the accuracy rate from 90% to 83% and a decrease in false negative rate (FNR) from 8% to 0% for majority voting and consensus model, respectively. These results indicate that the proposed model can reduce FNR dramatically while maintaining a reasonable overall accuracy which makes it suitable for mass screening.
Omar, Yasser; ElSheikh, Mohamed Abd El Salam; and Hodhod, Rania, "GLAUDIA: A predicative system for glaucoma diagnosis in mass scanning" (2021). Faculty Bibliography. 3294.