Translations in Stimulus–Stimulus Pairing: Autoshaping of Learner Vocalizations
Perspectives on Behavior Science
Autoshaping, Classical conditioning, Respondent conditioning, Stimulus–stimulus pairing, Translational research, Verbal behavior
© 2019, Association for Behavior Analysis International. Stimulus–stimulus pairing (SSP) is a procedure used by behavior analysis practitioners that capitalizes on respondent conditioning processes to elicit vocalizations. These procedures usually are implemented only after other, more customary methods (e.g., standard echoic training via modeling) have been exhausted. Unfortunately, SSP itself has mixed research support, probably because certain as-yet-unidentified procedural variations are more effective than others. Even when SSP produces (or increases) vocalizations, its effects can be short-lived. Although specific features of SSP differ across published accounts, fundamental characteristics include presentation of a vocal stimulus proximal with presentation of a preferred item. In the present article, we draw parallels between SSP procedures and autoshaping, review factors shown to affect autoshaping, and interpret autoshaping research for suggested SSP tests and applications. We then call for extended use and reporting of SSP in behavior-analytic treatments. Finally, three bridges created by this article are identified: basic-applied, respondent–operant, and behavior analysis with other sciences.
da Silva, Stephanie P. and Williams, April Michele, "Translations in Stimulus–Stimulus Pairing: Autoshaping of Learner Vocalizations" (2020). Faculty Bibliography. 2692.