Almost all states within the United States have adopted state education standards as a tool to measure the knowledge and skills needed and the expected outcomes students should be achieving within a given school year (Juarez, 1999). There are two kinds of standards, content standards and performance standards. Content standards indicate what a student should know and be able to do. Performance standards incorporate content standards, but are expanded to include suggested tasks, sample student work, and teacher commentary on that work (Georgia Department of Education, 2004). According to Robert J. Marzano, a Senior Fellow at the Mid-Continent Research for Education and Learning Institute in Aurora, Colorado, “Standards hold the greatest hope for significantly improving student achievement” (Scherer, 2001, p.l). A recent RAND report and a study conducted by the University of Texas concluded that significant increases in student achievement have been linked to standards-based efforts (Biemesderfer, 2004).
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Gordy Waddell, B. (2005). Measuring Christian Education Against National and State Standards: A Review of the Literature. Perspectives In Learning, 6 (1). Retrieved from http://csuepress.columbusstate.edu/pil/vol6/iss1/6