Guidance teachers and school counselors in non-racial schools in South Africa need to assess the relevance of their services for individuals from different cultures. The importance of providing relevant crosscultural guidance and counseling in school settings has been underscored by numerous empirical studies which indicate that traditional psychotherapy and counseling are often inappropriate for meeting the needs of culturally different clients. Atkinson, Morten, and Sue (1993) assert that despite recognition that cultural diversity requires multicultural rather than monocultural counseling practices, the systematic study of cross-cultural communication only took root in the late twentieth century. Only recently has the term “counseling” entered the South African lexicon and traditional fields of application such as psychiatry, clinical psychology, and social work have tended to represent mental health services. Since counseling services have entered the existing model of psychological services only in the last decade the terms “psychology” and “counseling” will be used interchangeably.
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Hickson, J., & Pascoe, D. (2004). Guidance and Counseling Issues in South Africa's Non-Racial Schools. Perspectives In Learning, 5 (1). Retrieved from http://csuepress.columbusstate.edu/pil/vol5/iss1/2